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According to a recent pilot study published in the American Heart Journal, moderate-intensity exercise during pregnancy can be beneficial to maternal health, even for pregnant women with pre-existing heart diseases.
Pregnant women with pre-existing heart conditions or risk of heart attack may be prone to adverse cardiovascular events. Additionally, some pregnancy-related complications, such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, can increase the risk of future CVD.
The research evaluated how exercise intensity and length impact hypertensive disorders, weight gain during pregnancy, premature birth, delivery method, gestational diabetes, infant birth weight, and APGAR scores.
The study found that exercise during pregnancy was beneficial to maternal health, associated with decreased postpartum weight gain, lower C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and a reduced risk of gestational diabetes.
A tailored fitness program should be designed for pregnant women based on their specific CVD conditions.