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According to a study published in Human Reproduction, women trying to conceive should avoid heavy drinking.
The study states that women wishing to get pregnant should avoid alcohol, including moderate drinking during the second half of their menstrual cycle. The probability of conceiving during one menstrual cycle is reduced by even moderate drinking.
Additionally, each extra day of binge drinking is associated with a 19% lower chance of conceiving during the luteal phase and a 41% lower chance during the ovulatory phase.
Possible biological mechanisms that might explain the association could be that alcohol intake in women affects the processes involved in ovulation so that no egg is released during the ovulatory part of the cycle and that alcohol could affect the ability of a fertilized egg to implant in the womb.
Doctors recommend that women trying to conceive should avoid alcohol consumption as much as possible to prevent adverse effects on their reproductive system and fertility.